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CRMA implementation: Europe’s journey towards raw material sustainability

After the CRMA becomes law, a series of targets, assessments, and reviews will guide its implementation.

Within 9 months of enactment, single points of contact will be appointed for various duties, streamlining approval procedures for efficiency and transparency.

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Within 12 months, companies using strategic raw materials will be identified and listed, with large manufacturers of cleantech and strategic technologies conducting risk assessments every three years.

Member states must establish national exploration programs for critical raw materials within 12 months.

Identification of products, components, and waste streams with potential for CRM recovery will occur within 12 months, with products containing rare earth permanent magnets labeled accordingly within 24 months to facilitate recycling.

The EU Commission will report projected annual consumption of each SRM for 2030, 2040, and 2050 within 18 months to guide industry development and ensure CRMA compliance.

Every two years, starting from 24 months, strategic stockpiles will be reviewed and adjustments coordinated among members.

Stress tests for each SRM will be conducted every three years, or sooner if risks increase, starting from 36 months.

Within 36 months, companies selling rare earth permanent magnets in Europe must disclose the amount of recycled materials in their products.

Member states must adopt measures to promote recovery of critical raw materials from extractive waste within 42 months.

Within 60 months, minimum shares of recycled materials in rare earth permanent magnets sold in the region will be defined and enforced by the Commission.

The list of SRMs will be reviewed every three years, and after five years, the CRMA’s outcomes will be assessed for recalibration if necessary.

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